# DRONE RESEARCH PROJECTS

The Unmanned Vehicle Laboratory (UVL) was recently established to support various interdisciplinary collaborative research in the College of Engineering and Computer Sciences.

UAVs, or drones, have become increasingly popular among researchers, engineers, and hobbyists. The United States Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) forecasts that the number of commercial fleet of drones will be more than 450,000, whereas the number of units of personal and hobbyist drones will exceed 2.4 million by 2022.  The UVL draws students from across the College of Engineering and Sciences, including students seeking degrees in Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Computer Science and Cybersecurity to name a few.  There are widespread and versatile new set of applications related to UAVs and the research performed in the UVL has practical applications across an array of disciplines.  The research and experiments performed in the UVL address technical challenges in areas ranging in aerodynamics, structures, propulsion, navigation, control systems, networking, telecommunications, robotics and security. UVL was developed to enable to assist students in their coursework and to facilitate undergraduate and graduate research in the areas of navigation, guidance and control systems for unmanned underwater, ground and aerial vehicles.

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Basic Drones

These drones are strictly recreational and usually cannot perform many of the commercial functions of which some of those other models are capable. For example, when properly mounted, cameras onboard highly stable multi-rotor can capture stunning aerial pictures and video.

By contrast, small drones are usually too light and do not have the stability necessary for the picture perfect balance required for accurate picture taking. Nevertheless, these options can be a great inexpensive intro to the world of drones for hobbyists and children.

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Micro Drones

While smaller drones may mean recreation in the eyes of consumers, for militaries who use drones, micro drones are all business. The most well-known example of this type of drone in action today is the Black Hornet, manufactured for the British military.

Since their adoption in 2013, these tiny 4” x 4” drones have been used by the military to look around walls and other installations in India. While cameras may be too much for recreational small drones, the special micro cameras on these small drones can provide useful intelligence.

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Racing Drones

If it has an engine, chances are people will get around to wanting to race them, and that’s certainly the case with one of these favorite forms of hobbyist-friendly drones.

Racing drones can reach speeds of up to 60 miles per hour.

 

That said, all of that power concentrated on a single purpose means that they often don’t enjoy the same longevity of flight time as their counterparts.

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Fire Fighter Drone

Fighting a raging fire is one of the toughest uphill battles in the public – safety world. Fire fighters tries to put off the fire with very little information, having no idea of the size and scope of the fire nor how many potential victims may be cut off from rescue.

In order to overcome this issue aerial vehicles or Drones are used for getting better information and better view point. Now days most commonly used aerial vehicle is copters, so we are using quadcopter. Quadcopter is highly efficient, small size aerial vehicle.

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Agricultural drones

An agricultural drone is an unmanned aerial vehicle used to help optimize agriculture operations, increase crop production, and monitor crop growth. Sensors and digital imaging capabilities can give farmers a richer picture of their fields. Using an agriculture drone and gathering information from it may prove useful in improving crop yields and farm efficiency.

The aerial view provided by a drone can reveal many issues such as irrigation problems, soil variation, and pest and fungal infestations. Multispectral images show a near-infrared view as well as a visual spectrum view. The combination shows the farmer the differences between healthy and unhealthy plants, a difference not always clearly visible to the human eye. Thus, these views can assist in assessing crop growth and production. Crops can be surveyed at any time using agricultural drones, allowing for rapid identification of problems

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Bionic Drones

Humans' initial desire for flight stems from the imitation of flying creatures in nature. The excellent flight performance of flying animals will inevitably become a source of inspiration for researchers. Bio-inspired flight systems have become one of the most exciting disruptive aviation technologies. This review is focused on the recent progresses in bio-inspired flight systems and bionic aerodynamics. First, the development path of Biomimetic Air Vehicles (BAVs) for bio-inspired flight systems and the latest mimetic progress are summarized. The advances of the flight principles of several natural creatures are then introduced, from the perspective of bionic aerodynamics.